Swallowing difficulties can have a variety of causes. Medical problems, physical conditions, and lifestyle choices can all contribute to this issue. Understanding the underlying causes of swallowing difficulties can help you develop effective solutions and therapies.

Neurological Disorders

Neurological disorders such as Parkinson’s disease can cause a wide range of swallowing difficulties. These neurological disorders affect the brain’s ability to send signals to the muscles that are responsible for swallowing. The muscles become weak or paralyzed, resulting in difficulties with swallowing food or liquids. In some cases, food may not even be able to pass through the esophagus at all.

Stroke can cause dysphagia, a swallowing disorder that makes it difficult to move food or liquid from the mouth to the stomach. This is due to damage caused by a stroke in areas of the brain that are responsible for controlling swallowing. People who experience a stroke may have difficulty with their saliva control, breathing when eating and drinking, choking, as well as other issues related to chewing and swallowing food safely.

Treatment for dysphagia related to a stroke may include physical therapy, speech therapy, diet changes, and medications. Thickening gels like Simply Thick dysphagia gel are often used to make swallowing easier for patients with dysphagia.

Structural Abnormalities

Certain structural abnormalities within the mouth or throat may also cause issues with swallowing. An abnormally sized tongue, an unusually shaped throat, or oral clefts are some examples of structural abnormalities that can lead to swallowing problems. Additionally, tumors located in these areas also put pressure on the muscles that control how we swallow food and drink, making it more difficult for us to do so without discomfort.


Medications used for treating specific conditions can also be associated with an increased risk of difficulties while trying to swallow food or liquids. Antidepressants and benzodiazepines are two types of medication that can have side effects, including impairment in muscle control during eating. Patients taking these medications should always discuss their concerns with their healthcare provider before discontinuing use altogether.

Poor Diet

Diets that lack essential nutrients and vitamins necessary for healthy muscles may contribute to difficulties with swallowing. Eating a balanced diet filled with vegetables, fruits, and proteins will provide your body with all the nutrition it needs for the proper functioning of your digestive system, including strong esophageal muscle tone, which is necessary for proper flow when it comes time to eat and drink.

Treatment Options

Treatment of dysphagia depends on the underlying cause. Common treatments may include speech therapy, physical therapy, and medications. Speech therapy focuses on muscle control in the throat as well as teaching techniques to help with swallowing. Physical therapy helps to strengthen the muscles used for chewing and swallowing. Medications such as antidepressants or muscle relaxants may also be prescribed, depending on the patient’s individual needs.

In more severe cases, a feeding tube may be necessary in order to ensure that the person is receiving appropriate nutrition. With the right treatment plan and support network, individuals with dysphagia can still lead fulfilling lives.