A cardiologist studies and treats disorders of the heart and blood vessels. Cardiologists may be referred to patients with heart disease and cardiovascular disease.

Internal medicine includes cardiology. A surgeon that performs cardiac surgery is not a cardiologist. They perform heart surgery by opening the chest.

Cardiologists specialize in diagnosing and treating diseases of the cardiovascular system. Heart catheterizations, angioplasty, or pacemaker implantation may be performed by the Cardiologist near me as well as tests.

Heart disease affects only the heart, while cardiovascular disease affects either the heart or the blood vessels.

In the United States, it is necessary to complete four years of medical school, three years of internal medicine training, and at least three years of cardiology training.

Is a cardiologist necessary when?

Physicians may refer patients to a cardiologist if they are experiencing symptoms of a heart condition.

Heart problems are characterized by the following symptoms:

  • Breathing difficulties
  • Diaphoresis
  • Anxiety about chest pain
  • A change in heartbeat or rhythm
  • An elevated blood pressure

Heart murmurs and abnormal heart rhythms can be tested by a cardiologist.

Heart attack, heart failure, and other heart problems are common conditions they treat. A heart surgeon, a cardiac catheterizer, and an angioplasty and stenting specialist can help make decisions about such procedures.

Heart diseases that a cardiologist can help with include:

  • Atherogenesis
  • Fibrillation atrial
  • Cardiomyopathies
  • Heart defects congenital
  • The disease of the coronary arteries
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Blood triglycerides and cholesterol are high
  • A hypertensive state
  • Diarrhea
  • Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure

Heart disease can be prevented by consulting a cardiologist.

A patient may need to see a cardiologist even if they have no symptoms, if they have a family history of heart disease or high cholesterol, if they smoke or have smoked, if they have diabetes, or if they are starting an exercise program.

Women who have had pre-eclampsia may be more likely to develop heart problems later in pregnancy or during menopause.

Cardiology involves what?

During a patient’s physical examination, a cardiologist reviews the patient’s medical history.

Tests may be done on the person’s weight, heart, lungs, blood pressure, and blood vessels.

An interventional cardiologist may perform angioplasties, stenting, valvuloplasty, congenital heart defect corrections, and coronary thrombectomy procedures.


As well as performing or ordering tests

Electrical activity of the heart is recorded by an electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG).

In ambulatory ECGs, the person’s heart rhythms are recorded while they are exercising or doing other regular activities. Wires connect the electrodes on the chest to a Holter monitor, which records the rhythms.

Exercise tests, or stress tests, show the changes in heart rate while exercising and at rest. They assess the heart’s capabilities and limitations.

Echocardiography provides an image of the heart’s cavities and surrounding areas, as well as how well the heart is working.

An echocardiogram can measure the cardiac output, or how well the heart pumps blood. Pericarditis, or inflammation around the heart, can be detected with this test. Valve infections can also be detected with this test.