Elevator conveyor belts are used in various industries to move materials vertically between floors or levels. These belts come in a wide range of designs and styles, each with its unique features and performance characteristics. 

However, choosing the right elevator conveyor belt for your elevator system can be a daunting task, especially if you don’t have much knowledge about the design considerations that need to be taken into account. In this article, we will discuss different factors that impact the performance of elevator conveyor belts and how to optimize them to enhance the overall efficiency of your elevator system.

Belt Material

The choice of the right material for the conveyor belt is critical when designing an elevator system. Different materials have different performance characteristics that affect the durability, strength, and abrasion resistance of the belt. Additionally, the type of material being conveyed and the environmental conditions in which the elevator is operating will also affect the choice of belt material.

For example, if the elevator is used to transport heavy, abrasive materials, a belt made of durable materials such as rubber or reinforced PVC should be used. On the other hand, if the material being transported is sensitive to static electricity, a belt made of anti-static materials should be used to prevent electrostatic discharge.

Belt Strength

The strength of the belt is another crucial factor that needs to be considered when designing an elevator system. Conveyor belts that are too weak may snap or fray when subjected to heavy loads, while belts that are too strong may be overly rigid and difficult to maneuver.

The strength of a conveyor belt is measured in terms of tensile strength, which is the force required to break the belt. The tensile strength of the belt must be sufficient to handle the maximum load capacity of the elevator system. Generally, conveyor belts with higher tensile strength are more expensive, so it is important to balance the belt’s strength with the cost of the system.

Belt Speed

The speed of the conveyor belt is another critical factor that affects the performance of elevator systems. The speed of the conveyor belt must be optimized to ensure that the material being conveyed is moving at a safe and efficient rate. If the belt is moving too slowly, the elevator system will be underutilized, and if it’s moving too quickly, the material may be damaged or spill.

The optimal speed of the conveyor belt depends on the type of material being transported, the distance between the floors, and the capacity of the elevator system. The speed of the conveyor belt can be adjusted by changing the pulley diameter or by using a variable frequency drive.

Belt Tracking

Belt tracking is the process of ensuring that the elevator conveyor belt stays centered and does not move off track. Misaligned belts can cause a variety of problems, including damage to the belt, the conveyor system, and the material being transported. Belt tracking can be affected by a range of factors, including uneven loading, damaged rollers, or inadequate belt tension.

To optimize the performance of an elevator conveyor belt, it is important to ensure that it is correctly aligned and that the tension is adjusted appropriately. Conveyor belts should also be inspected regularly to identify any signs of wear or damage.

Belt Splicing

Belt splicing is the process of joining two ends of a conveyor belt together to form a continuous loop. The quality of the belt splice is important to the performance of the elevator system. Poorly executed splices can cause the belt to snap, fray or come apart.

There are different types of belt splices, including mechanical splices and vulcanized splices. Mechanical splices use fasteners or clips to join the belt ends, while vulcanized splices use heat and pressure to fuse the two ends together. Generally, vulcanized splices are more reliable and durable than mechanical splices, but they can be more expensive.


Regular maintenance is essential to ensure that an elevator conveyor belt is operating efficiently and safely. Conveyor belts should be inspected regularly to identify any signs of wear or damage. Any issues should be addressed immediately to prevent the problem from becoming more severe.

Maintenance tasks may include cleaning the belt to remove debris, checking the belt tension, and adjusting the tracking. Any worn or damaged parts should be replaced as soon as possible to prevent further damage to the system.


A number of factors that must be considered when designing elevator conveyor belt systems are discussed in this article. By optimizing these factors and working with a trusted partner like Bi State Rubber, you can achieve your goals. To learn more about Bi-State Rubber’s conveyor belt products and services, contact them today.