Food undoubtedly plays the most significant role in your dog’s life. 

He has to eat in order to provide his body with all it requires, from the energy it needs to keep chasing those balls to the vast variety of nutrients that go into building every tissue and supporting every cellular function. 

If your dog eats anything that shouldn’t be in its diet, issues are almost certain to arise soon. 

Too much or too little of any one nutrient can quickly create trouble. 

The quality and duration of your dog’s life will be largely influenced by nutrition from the time it is weaned until old age.

Your dog deserves the best food possible, but don’t worry—we’re here to assist you every step of the way!

Amount of food needed

Just as crucial as providing the proper meals is providing the appropriate amount of food. 

On the package of every dog food are feeding instructions. 

Always start by adhering to the recommendations for your dog’s weight. 

Your veterinarian will be able to tell you your dog’s weight, or you may weigh your dog at home by standing on the scales with him in your arms.

Feeding time

For most healthy adult dogs, the feeding schedule may be somewhat flexible.

As soon as you know how much food to give them each day, you may divide it up into as many meals as you wish and give them food at convenient times for you.

The vast majority of dog owners give their canines one to three meals a day.

The potentially lethal disease known as bloat, also known as gastric dilatation-volvulus or stomach torsion, may be linked to single, heavy meals.

Veterinarians are increasingly recommending dividing the daily feeding allotment into two or smaller meals spaced throughout the day.

Although bloat may happen to any breed, it is more likely in those with deep chests, thus it is clearly advocated for breeds like Great Danes, Weimaraners, St. Bernards, Irish setters, and Gordon setters who are particularly at risk to have frequent, smaller meals.

Once you’ve found a pattern that works for both you and your dog, it’s best to stick with it since dogs like consistency.

Alternatives to established feeding times include free feeding.

By leaving food in the dish in this situation, the dog is allowed complete freedom to choose when and how much to eat.

For some dogs, free feeding can be successful, but it is usually best to measure out the necessary amount in the morning and fill the bowl from there.

Anything is permanently lost once it is gone. In addition to reducing fussiness, this is vital to reducing overeating.

Some exceptions do exist, though.

In order to prevent keeping their tummies empty for prolonged periods of time, it is typically advised to feed your dog many meals throughout the day if they become hungry regularly.

It is usually wise to restrict meals to the morning or early afternoon for dogs that occasionally go potty in the house at night so that the food has time to digest before bedtime.

For many illnesses, including diabetes, feeding regimens must be carefully taken into account.

  • blending various foods
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As long as you can get the portions exactly right, combining numerous meals may be a terrific and easy way to boost the variety and balance of your dog’s diet.

In general, the quantities of micronutrients in whole foods meet relatively comparable required values (provided by the PMFA in the UK, AAFCO in America, FEDIAF in Europe, etc.).

Because of this, while if brand ideologies and protein, fat, and fiber ratios might differ, swapping a portion of one complete with a comparable portion of another usually yields results that are about the same.

The ideal ratios are those that are 50% of the prescribed number of meal 1 with 50% of the recommended amount of food, such as 60:40, 70:30, 80:20, etc.

Types of Dog Foods

It takes time for a dog’s digestive system to properly adapt to a new meal.

To ensure a seamless transition, we always advise introducing a new cuisine gradually over a number of days. 

The simplest method would be to mix 25% of the new food’s suggested feeding quantity with 75% of the old diet for a day or two, then mix 50/50 for a couple of days before mixing 25% of the old diet with 75% of the new for the final few days. 

For dogs with delicate stomachs who might need to be changed over a longer period of time, a gradual adjustment is very crucial.

Although sensitive dogs may still require a change, switching between various kinds of the same range may be done more quickly because many of the components will be the same.

Adults being fed (1-7 years old)

Working canines that are active

Dogs that are very active for several hours a day naturally expend a lot of calories, thus their diet should reflect this.

There is a large variety of working dog diets available, the bulk of which are inexpensive, low-quality feeds that need the owner to give the dog significantly more in order to provide necessary calories as opposed to giving extra energy. 

Such as German Shepherds require a great amount of energy that they get from German Shepherd Dog Foods.

There are exceptions, but generally speaking, high-quality working dog diets are very expensive because the meat is the best source of calories for dogs and it is also expensive. 

See what choices are available by using the working dog foods filter in our dog food directory.

Spayed dogs

The hormonal balance of the dog is significantly changed by neutering, and this has an impact on a number of other factors, including metabolic rate. 

Bitches in particular (but also some males) have a tendency to have slower metabolic rates after neutering, which results in a reduction in the amount of food they need to consume. 

Neutered dogs frequently start gaining weight if they continue to eat the same quantity of food. 

If you find that your dog is accumulating too much weight, check at our advice for overweight dogs.

Large breeds

In contrast to smaller dogs, enormous and gigantic breeds grow later and frequently don’t achieve their peak size until they are 15 to 18 months old. 

They also approach old age considerably faster, with the average lifespan of many giant breeds being just 6 to 7 years. 

The joints of bigger dogs require extra treatment due to their quick aging process and the weight they bear. 

Supplements including chondroitin, glucosamine, and MSM have been included in the majority of large-breed formulations to assist the joints.

Small breeds

Dogs of the little and toy breeds often have faster metabolic rates than their bigger relatives. Therefore, higher-energy diets tend to be beneficial for them.

Such as French Bull Dogs require a great amount of energy that they get from French Bull Dog Foods.

Puppy meals typically offer a good substitute where small breed diets are not offered, despite the fact that many dog food producers make particular small breed diets. 

Dry puppy diets feature smaller biscuits and are richer in energy, which many little breeds prefer.

Dogs that are senior (7 years or older)

The metabolism of adult dogs begins to decline as they age. 

This implies that when their energy level steadily declines, they require less calories from their food. 

Most dog food manufacturers now have senior-specific diets for dogs with fewer calories, but this is more because dog owners desire it than because dogs actually need it. 

Due to the fact that wild animals don’t alter their diet as they age but do consume less food, senior dogs may survive just as well on a reduced amount of regular adult dog food.

How to Choose the Best Dog Food

You are ultimately responsible for choosing the finest dog food for your pet. 

You are the one that regularly interacts with your dog since you are its owner. 

If your dog has a healthy appetite, is active and in good shape, and produces firm, healthy feces, your dog food is probably doing its job just well.

You should use your veterinarian as a helpful resource at this time. 

They are more knowledgeable about pet nutrition than ordinary owners and have access to information and tools that owners do not. 

Your veterinarian can assist you in reducing your possibilities and ought to be more than willing to assist you in locating the solutions to your inquiries regarding the meals for your dog.

Dog Water Requirements

Water is regarded as the most essential nutrient since it serves so many vital purposes, including

  • control of body temperature
  • separating proteins, carbs, and fats
  • providing the body with form and structure
  • maintaining the eye’s form
  • joint lubrication
  • keeping the neurological system safe

Both their diet and water consumption provide water for dogs.

In general, a healthy, adjusted dog needs 2.5 times as much water per day as they consume in dry matter.

Another way to think about how much water a dog needs each day is that it should be equivalent to how much energy (or food content) is consumed.

This is dependent on the amount of dry matter that is taken through the food as well as a number of other elements that impact the body (such as age, gender, size, stress, etc.).


It is very conceivable and, in certain cases, even necessary for dogs to consume non-traditional diets, such as meals made at home. 

Not all meals that are healthy for us may be digested, accepted, or even safe for your dog.

To make sure that your pet’s unique daily needs are satisfied, as a pet owner, you should speak with a subject matter expert in the area. 

To make sure that all meals are balanced and created for your dog’s lifestyle and needs, think about scheduling an appointment with a primary care veterinarian who practices advanced nutritional health or a board-certified veterinary nutritionist.


Sarwar Abdullah

Content Developer at Dog Region

Author Bio

Content writing is my passion. And I believe in following my dreams to achieve my goal in life! I am a full-time entrepreneur who believes in investing his time in his profession and passion equally.