Gum infections, also known as periodontal disease, are a common oral health problem that affects millions of people worldwide. If left untreated, gum infections can lead to serious complications, including tooth loss and systemic health issues. Seeking timely treatment from New Image Dentistry is crucial to prevent the progression of gum infections and maintain good oral health. In this article, we will discuss what to expect from the dentist when undergoing gum infection treatment.

Understanding Gum Infections

Gum infections occur when bacteria in the mouth build up and form a sticky, colorless film called plaque on the teeth. If plaque is not removed through regular brushing and flossing, it can harden into tartar, which can only be removed by a dental professional. The bacteria in plaque and tartar can irritate and damage the gums, leading to gum infections. Gum infections, also known as periodontal infections, can cause a range of symptoms and complications. In the early stages, gum infections may cause redness, swelling, and tenderness in the gums. The gums may also bleed easily, especially during brushing or flossing. As the infection progresses, it can lead to more severe symptoms such as persistent bad breath, receding gums, loose teeth, and even tooth loss. Untreated gum infections can have serious consequences for oral health and overall well-being. The bacteria in the infected gums can enter the bloodstream, potentially causing infections in other parts of the body. Research has linked gum infections to an increased risk of heart disease, stroke, diabetes, respiratory problems, and pregnancy complications. Preventing gum infections involves maintaining good oral hygiene practices. This includes brushing your teeth at least twice a day with fluoride toothpaste, flossing daily, and visiting a dental professional for regular cleanings and check-ups. It is also important to eat a balanced diet, limit sugary foods and drinks, and avoid tobacco use. If you suspect you have a gum infection, it is crucial to seek prompt dental care.  

Dental Examination and Diagnosis

When you visit the dentist for gum infection treatment, the first step is a thorough dental examination. The dentist will visually inspect your gums, looking for signs of inflammation, recession, and plaque or tartar buildup. They may also use a probe to measure the depth of the spaces between your gums and teeth, known as periodontal pockets. Deeper pockets indicate more advanced gum disease. During the dental examination, the dentist may also take X-rays of your teeth and jawbone to get a more comprehensive view of the extent of the infection. This helps them determine the best course of treatment. After the examination, the dentist will discuss their findings with you and recommend a treatment plan. This plan may include various methods to treat the gum infection, such as scaling and root planing, antibiotic therapy, or in severe cases, gum surgery. Scaling and root planing involves removing plaque and tartar from the teeth and smoothing the tooth roots to prevent bacteria from accumulating. Antibiotic therapy may be prescribed to help eliminate the infection and prevent further damage to the gums and bone. In some cases, gum surgery may be necessary to repair and regenerate the damaged gum tissue. This can involve procedures such as gum grafts or flap surgery, where the gums are lifted to clean the infected areas and then repositioned to promote healing. Once the initial treatment is complete, the dentist will provide instructions on how to maintain good oral hygiene and prevent future gum infections. This may include regular brushing and flossing, using antibacterial mouthwash, and scheduling regular dental cleanings. 

Surgical Gum Infection Treatment

If the gum infection has advanced to a more severe stage or if non-surgical treatments are not effective, your dentist may recommend surgical intervention. Surgical gum infection treatment aims to remove deep pockets, repair damaged gum tissue, and restore the health and appearance of the gums. During the surgical procedure, the dentist will clean out the deep pockets that have formed between the gums and teeth. This involves removing any plaque and tartar buildup that may be causing the infection. The dentist may also perform a procedure called gum grafting, where healthy gum tissue is taken from another part of the mouth and transplanted to the affected area to promote healing and prevent further gum recession. In some cases, the dentist may also need to reshape the bone around the teeth to eliminate any irregularities or crevices where bacteria can hide. This process, known as osseous surgery, helps to create a smoother surface for the gums to reattach to. After the surgery, it is important to maintain good oral hygiene and follow the dentist’s instructions for post-operative care. This may include using a special mouthwash, avoiding certain foods, and taking prescribed medications to prevent infection and promote healing. Surgical intervention for gum infection can be a highly effective treatment option for those with advanced gum disease. It not only helps to eliminate the infection but also restores the health and appearance of the gums, improving overall dental health and preventing further complications.

Follow-Up Care and Maintenance

After undergoing gum infection treatment, it is important to follow your dentist’s instructions for post-treatment care and maintenance. This may include taking prescribed medications, such as antibiotics or antimicrobial mouth rinses, to control infection and promote healing.


Gum infections can have serious consequences for your oral health if left untreated. Seeking prompt treatment from a dentist is essential to effectively manage gum infections and prevent further complications. By understanding the different treatment options available and following proper post-treatment care, you can regain the health of your gums and maintain a beautiful smile.