Some skin disorders may develop because of certain lifestyle factors whereas others may have a genetic reason. Lifestyle factors indirectly affect your skin which can have temporary or permanent effects. Skin diseases can be categorized as minor or life-threatening. Some of them cause pain while others may be painless. Some underlying health conditions can also potentiate its risk. Let us understand different types of skin diseases with their respective causes and explore some treatment methods.
What are Skin Disorders?
Skin disorders are conditions that affect your skin health due to infection. Common and uncommon or rare skin conditions can be classified into two categories. They can cause various symptoms including skin irritation, inflammation, dryness, itchiness, puss-filled boils, or pimples, scaliness, discoloration, acne, and rashes which makes your skin appear different than normal.
Common Skin Diseases
- Acne – It is the most common skin condition wherein the hair follicles and oil glands of your skin get clogged and blocked, leading to the accumulation of bacteria and the build-up of dead skin in your skin pores. This usually happens during adolescence when the body goes through a tremendous transformation due to the surge of hormones. However, acne can also affect adults. It can develop on any part of your body, not only your face.
For treating acne, you must visit a dermatologist that can suggest some appropriate treatment based on the severity of this skin condition. They may prescribe some medications, ointments, creams, and therapies.
- Eczema – Also known as atopic dermatitis, a skin chronic condition that causes dryness, and itchiness that lead to scaling, cracking, or swelling of the skin. It increases the urge to scratch which causes the thickening of that particular area. This condition is commonly observed in infants and children. Although it can be quite irritating, it isn’t contagious.
To relieve skin inflammation, you have to moisturize your skin properly. Keep it hydrated to prevent any itchiness. Your doctor will prescribe some ointments and creams that can provide instant relief from skin irritation.
Furthermore, according to some researchers, Eczema can enhance the risk of developing erectile dysfunction (ED) or impotence in men. Since the underlying inflammation of the skin can affect the blood flow to the penile, leading to erection dysfunction. One of the best medicine to treat ED is Cenforce can give an immediate solution.
- Psoriasis – It is an autoimmune skin condition that causes the skin to become thick and scaly. It increases skin discomfort by causing itchiness and inflammation. Your skin might appear thick due to plaque formation which causes sudden skin burn. It can appear on any part of your body, but it shows up most commonly around the elbows, knees, genitals, scalp, face, palms, and feet. The plaque formation makes the skin appear scaly and flaky. The plaque sheds off on its own.
This skin disease does not have any cure yet, but its effects can be reduced and managed with the help of creams and ointments prescribed by your doctor.
- Alopecia Areata – It is also an autoimmune skin condition that causes hair loss in patches. It can affect wider areas of your scalp. It can occur as a result of damaged hair follicles. The hair follicles get attacked by the white blood cells which make the follicles shrink and avoid hair production.
An individual with alopecia may experience sudden and unexpected hair fall. It can affect anyone regardless of age or gender. There are various treatment options for its treatment which include oral medications, topical ointments, and injections.
- Vitiligo – This skin disease makes your skin lose pigmentation in patches. The patches gradually widen and spread around your skin. The loss of pigmentation can be experienced on any part of your body and even on the inside of your mouth. This condition causes your hair to appear white as it lightens the pigmentation and thus your hair looks different in patches than the rest.
Vitiligo occurs when your body’s cells stop producing melanin, a compound that gives color to your hair and skin. As a result, your cells die, and their function gets affected. Moreover, this condition is not contagious. It is treatable to a great extent which might help you to restore skin color.
- Skin Cancer – Skin cancer occurs due to the rapid or abnormal growth of the cells. It is mostly associated with pain, swelling, tenderness, or an unusual spot on the skin. Its early detection and treatment can help you to prevent it from becoming severe. The main cause of skin cancers is excessive exposure to sunlight. The harmful ultraviolet radiation from the sun damages the DNA in the cells and gives rise to abnormal cellular growth which potentiates the risk of three types of skin cancers – Melanoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and basal cell carcinoma.
Uncommon Skin Conditions
- Argyria – This condition can make your skin turn blue or gray in color due to the skin’s excessive exposure to silver. Your body may come into contact with silver through water, air, medications, or diet as they contain a little amount of it. Your body can easily get rid of small amounts of silver through excretion, however, prolonged, and continual exposure to silver can cause skin discoloration which stays permanently.
You can avoid this skin condition by avoiding the medicine containing high amounts of silver. You can ask your doctor to prescribe some other medications that contain fewer amounts of silver.
- Elastoderma – It is a rare condition that causes the laxity of skin in a particular area in your body. This can result from the deposition of elastic material in the cellular tissues. It mostly affects certain areas of your body including, the neck, elbows, knees, arms, and legs. This condition cannot be cured since there is no treatment available as of now.
- Chromhidrosis – This skin disorder affects your sweat glands and produces colored sweat which is a result of pigmentation. The sweat may have a distinct color, such as black, blue, brown, yellow, or green. Individuals affected with this skin disorder may experience some itchiness and prickly sensation before the release of sweat.
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