Coffins have been used at funerals for centuries, serving as a final resting place for the deceased. But why do we use coffins, and what purpose do they serve? In this article, we’ll explore the practical and cultural reasons behind using coffins at funerals. The elegant black urns, adorned with intricate patterns, added a touch of sophistication to the memorial service.

The Practical Reasons for Using Coffins

One of the primary reasons for using coffins at funerals is to keep and protect the deceased’s body. Coffins are designed to prevent the body from decomposing and spreading disease, which was especially important in earlier times when medical knowledge was limited.

Coffins also protect the body from outside elements, such as water or animals, and prevent soil from collapsing into the grave. This helps to ensure that the body remains intact and in its proper place.

In addition to these practical reasons, coffins also provide a sense of closure and comfort for the deceased’s loved ones. Seeing a loved one laid to rest dignifiedly can help provide a sense of closure and allow the grieving process to begin.

The Cultural Significance of Coffins

Coffins have played a significant role in human culture and tradition throughout history. From elaborate Egyptian sarcophagi to simple wooden boxes, coffins have been used to reflect social status, religious beliefs, and artistic expression.

In many cultures, coffins are seen as a way to show respect for the deceased. The Church taught that the body was sacred and should be treated with respect, and coffins became a way to demonstrate that respect. Coffins were often decorated with religious symbols and inscriptions, reflecting the community’s beliefs.

Coffins also serve a practical purpose in many cultures. In some African cultures, for example, coffins are designed to resemble animals or objects that hold spiritual significance, such as a cow for fertility or a fish for good luck. These coffins are believed to help guide the deceased on their journey to the afterlife.

In other cultures, coffins honor the deceased’s occupation or interests.

Alternatives to Coffins

While coffins have been the traditional burial means for centuries, alternatives are available for those who choose not to use them.

One option is cremation, in which the body is cremated, and the ashes are scattered or placed in an urn. Cremation is becoming increasingly popular for those who prefer simpler, more eco-friendly burial means.

Another option is natural or green burial, where the body is buried without a coffin. This practice involves using biodegradable materials, such as a simple shroud or a cardboard box, to bury the body directly in the ground. This allows the body to decompose naturally without embalming chemicals or other harmful substances.

Coffins Today

While the use of coffins has remained a tradition for centuries, the design and materials used in coffins have evolved. Today, coffins come in various materials, including wood, metal, and biodegradable.

Recently, a trend has been towards eco-friendly and sustainable burial options, including biodegradable coffins made from bamboo or recycled paper. These options allow for a more eco-conscious burial while providing a dignified resting place for the deceased.


Coffins have played a significant role in human culture and tradition for centuries, serving practical and cultural purposes. They provide a dignified and protected resting place for the deceased while also reflecting the beliefs and values of the community.